What are the different types of the best chicken feed? 

Whether you are the owner of a poultry farm or you are just a beginner in this business, it is not an easy task to know about the meaning of the different varieties of chicken feed. If your chickens are eating the best chicken feed, they will be healthy and lay lots of eggs. Otherwise, eating the wrong feed has a big effect on their health and the quality of the eggs. This article will show you some basic information in order to help you find out the perfect feed for your flock.

 #1 Mash

Basically, the mash can know as a loose and unprocessed feed. By its texture, the mask is usually used for chicks because it is easy to digest, however, adult chickens can eat mash as well. The down point is that using these types of chicken fees can lead to an increase in incidental waste.

#2 Pellets

Pallets are the most common types of chicken feed on the marketplace because of some reasons: they are easy to manage, store and serve. They are produced by crush up ingredients into small pieces than make them into pelletized form. They hold their shape so they easy to use and decreased waste. Compare the prices of a common seed to compare prices between seed banks.

#3 Crumbles

Crumbles are not as compact as pallets, they are pallets that have been reducing to a smaller size. They are also not as loose as mash, so they are easier to manage than mash. But using crumbles instead of mash or pallets not make a big difference to your chicken’s health.

#4 Fermented

In order to improve the content of vitamin and enzyme in your chicken’s food, using fermented is the good ideal. You can ferment your own chicken feed by mix any type of chicken feed with water and allowed them to ferment naturally. This method will help the feed easier to digest and also neutralizing toxicity in food as well. Note: Whatever type of chicken feed you choose, it is ideal if you use the best chicken feeders to store chicken food. This tool will help you not to clean up many chicken feed leftovers and it also helps chickens reduce the number of diseases caused by soil-borne infections.

Common turkey problems and diseases

Turkeys can be really nice to raise for meat and to keep as a reproducing flock, however, there are a few issues and illnesses you ought to know about as a small time farmer, so you can avoid the heartbreak of losing them all.

Preventing Turkey Diseases

The easiest approach to preventing turkey illnesses is to graze them in natural air and range in a large pen with roosts and to move the turkey house or perches every now and again to a fresh ground so poop doesn't heap up in one area. Blackhead is a disease common in chickens can affect turkeys as well. Hence, it is recommended that you don't begin infant chicks and turkey poults together and that you house mature turkeys and chickens independently. Also, when you make your turkey house, put it in an area where that chickens have not been previously. There are a few medications you can feed your turkeys to prevent blackhead if it is impossible to keep them away from the chickens.

#1 Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis is an illness that can cause absence of "thrift" or great growth and cause diarrhea in poults. Medicated feed contains drugs that can get rid of coccidiosis. Keeping litter dry is additionally vital, as this parasite spreads and develops in wet, filthy litter. Likewise getting poults out onto field by about two months of age, and moving roosts to new ground as often as possible, will help avert coccidiosis. You can also get vaccination shots for your chick against coccidiosis for a little expense. For this situation, try not to feed them medicated feed as it will deactivate the immunization.

#2 Airsacculitis

This is a respiratory disease that attacks the turkeys' air sacs. Airsacculitis cannot be treated. The disease, however, can be prevented by purchasing poults from an incubation facility that tests for the disease in their hens and toms. The disease is transmitted via the egg, so the poults get it before they even hatch.

#3 Cannibalism

This may not be classified as a disease but it is very common in turkeys. Giving them enough space for them to graze freely can fix this issue. Additionally, ensure they generally have adequate water and feed. Guarantee that they have enough ventilation if their house is indoors because overheating can also prompt cannibalism.

#4 Predators

Everyone craves a delicious meal of free-range turkey, any day. You'll see that pretty much every wild critter - and some trained ones, as well - wants to take a swipe at your turkeys. Keeping them safe is quite a task. Making roost available for your turkeys makes them happy and also discourages predators who cannot climb to get to the birds. In the wild, turkeys perch securely, high in trees. The higher you can make the roosts, the more secure your turkeys will feel. Ensuring that the fencing around your turkey pen is secure will help stop predators too. If you are breeding your turkeys in a permanent turkey house, then it is a good idea to run a single strand of electric wire along bottom of the outside of the fence to prevent burrowing from predators.

Angora rabbits for wool production

The Angora rabbit was first sighted in Ankara, Turkey, or at least that is what we have come to believe. What is certain is that Europe has raised angora rabbits for their fiber for a considerable length of time and the French are known for making their wool; famous around 1790 – although it was up till 1920 before North America saw luxury fiber.

#1 Angora Rabbit Breeds

There are five Angora rabbit breeds that rule in fiber generation: German Angora Giant Angora, Satin Angora, French Angora and English Angora. Different breeds, for example, the Jersey Wooly and the American Fuzzy Lop additionally create wool. In spite of the fact that hand-spinners are glad to spin with these fibers, these two breeds produce significantly less wool due to their small stature. The wooled breeds are quiet natured and are known for their compliant demeanor. They make brilliant pets and are delicate with kids. All things considered, day to day care for this rabbit regularly falls onto the grown-up as the grooming can be tedious.

#2 About Angora Rabbit Wool

Angora rabbit wool is very popular and considered top notch in the fiber producing world. Angora fiber can be sold raw as it is gotten off the rabbit either left in their regular color, dyed or spun. Its fiber so fine, that it is typically mixed with different fibers, for example, cashmere, silk, mohair and sheep‘s wool. The surface of Angora wool alone is viewed as too fine to even consider holding the thick lines of knitting. Angora is considered to be multiple times hotter than sheep‘s wool and considered unreasonably warm for a piece of clothing. Mixing others with angora wool will add a ‘halo’ effect, warmth and softness to a piece of clothing.

#3 Harvesting Angora Wool

Wool can be harvested from the rabbit from means of either shearing or plucking. A few breeds, for example, the English Angora, normally shed (or otherwise regarded as “blowing their jacket”) a few times a year. In any case, natural molting varies from breed to breed. Raisers that have naturally molting rabbits can exploit this by relentlessly culling the slackened fiber while they’re in a molt. In other cases, the wool harvesting can be done by means of clippers or scissors. For the record, the process of harvesting should never harm or bring pain to the rabbit.

#4 Advantages of Raising Angora Rabbits

  • They’re a no-kill domesticated animal (as producers of wool), which is beneficial to rabbit farmers or prospective rabbit farmers.
  • Easy to feed.
  • Breeding is straightforward and reproduction is quick.
  • Harvesting the wool is unwinding and pleasurable.
  • Rabbits can likewise be entered in shows, move toward becoming 4H undertakings, and make incredible pets – making them a family venture.
  • Fiber can be sold for a benefit or kept close by for hand-spinning for the breeder.

#5 Angora Raising Considerations

  • Angora rabbits require extraordinary husbandry practices that are essential to their wellbeing and in addition fiber production.
  • Animal hypersensitivities in the family.
  • Coat upkeep.
  • Daily care as it is with other animals.

How often do crested geckos shed?

Shedding is an instinctive behavior of reptile life that needs to happen because it is constantly growing. Crested geckos are no exception. Normally, a crested gecko will shed their entire skin at once time. So how often do crested geckos shed? It depends on their age, when they are younger, they shed more frequently than when they get older. They also require some proper care during their shedding process since hydration and humidity are important factors for them to shed.

Why do crested geckos shed?

Crested geckos will shed their skin all their life. As mentions above, the aim of this process is to allow their bodies continuous growing. Besides, shedding also remove all the parasites and bacterial that have a risk to infest their old skin.

How often do crested geckos shed?

The younger crested geckos are growing faster, therefore they also shed their skin more frequency. The babies will shed about once a week or more. When they are juvenile, they can shed twice a month. And the times of shedding will decrease to once per month when they become adults.

How do you know when your geckos shed?

There is no defined schedule for crested geckos to shed. However, you can get to know the timing when your geckos prepare to shed their skin by some signal. Your gecko’s skin will dull and slowly turn to white before they shed. They also reduce activity levels and also may squint their eye because they will shed the eyelid skin.

How to help your geckos shed?

Although shedding skin is the natural part of gecko life and it is not a big problem for your pet. But this process also causes stress for them and also requires some care from their owner. You should give them a quiet, dark shelter place to her. Because creased geckos need to feel safe and secure during this time. Ensure that your pet does not be disturbed by the other environmental factors around them. Crested geckos also require high humidity levels during the shedding process. High humidity levels will help them shed easier and faster. Low humidity level makes their skin dry and adhere to the body. So investing in the best reptile humidifiers to make crested gecko shed easier is essential.

Best Aquarium Heaters: Fluval E VS. Cobalt Aquatics heater

Keeping an aquarium is a unique challenge and requires lots of research in comparison to owning a cat or a dog. There are some certain things you need to think about when deciding to keep an aquarium. One of these things is hoe to maintain consistent water temperature in your aquarium? This is when the heater comes in the handle. In order to narrow your choice and help you get the best aquarium heaters, this post is going for detail of two heaters: Fluval E Electronic Heater VS. Cobalt Aquatics Neo-Therm Heater.

#1 Capability and Power

People often use the best aquarium thermometers combine with a heater. The heater capability will determine the ability of heating and maintaining the desired temperature in your aquarium. In the general rule, you will need 3-5 watts for a gallon of water. Make sure that you do not choose the heater with too much or too low power for your tank. Fluval E is available at some different wattage: 50,100,200 and 300 watts. You can choose the appreciated device for your tank. It can accommodate temperature within the range of 68F to 93F. While the Cobalt heater is available at 25,50,75,150,200 and 300 watts. And the temperature range is from 66F to 96F.

#2 High accuracy temperature

Fluval F allows the user to set the temperature accuracy in 0,5F degrees. It uses the microprocessor with the dual sensors and shows the temperature in real-time in the LCD display. It also comes with the alert system, which will warn you if the temperature rises up or go down for +/-2F from the temperature range that you set before. Cobalt also has the ability to maintain water temperature within 0,5F. The display will show both the current temperature and temperature range that you set.

#3 Safety Features

The safety features are what should be contained in the heater, you will want to know if the heater is perfectly doing its job or not. The safety features will allow you not need to constantly monitor the heater or keep an eye on it all day. Fluval E comes with safety shut off functions, which will automatically turn the heat off when the water level gets too low and alarm you if the water flow is to low. Cobalt heater has integrated thermal protection, which will turn the heater off if the temperature goes out of the safety levels. Beside, Cobalt heater is also completely submersible and shatterproof.

Best Guinea Pig Bedding: Vitakraft bedding VS. Healthy Pet CritterCare

In the wild, guinea pigs live on the ground in grassy habitats. When be kept as pets, they also require the bedding that is soft, comfortable, and safe as what they have in natural. Without the bedding to burrow, tunnel, nest, rest and hide, the guinea pigs cannot be healthy and thrive in captivity. However, choosing the best guinea pig bedding will take your time to figure out the benefits and drawbacks of each type of bedding. In order to help you save your time and make the right decision, this post will dwindle your choice by the comparison between Vitakraft Fresh World Ultra Strength Bedding VS. Healthy Pet CritterCare Pet Bedding.

#1 Material

Whatever bedding option you are choosing, you have to ensure that the material of this bedding is safe, non-toxic and cause no harmful for your guinea pigs. The guinea pig bedding also should be soft enough. The tough bedding can cause damage to your guinea pigs’ feet and eyes. CritterCare bedding made of biodegradable wood pulp that is environmentally friendly. Due to its all-natural material, it is completely non-toxic and safe for your guinea pigs. This premium-quality is also very soft; ensure the comfort for your pets. Vitakraft bedding is made from 100% recycled, non-toxic, unbleached paper, which means it totally safe for your guinea pigs. It’s completely biodegradable; this is a great choice if you want something environmentally friendly.

#2 Highly absorbent and low in dust

This might be the most important when choosing bedding for guinea pigs because the poor hygiene cage can result in a lot of problems for your pets. The cage that contains much of dust can cause urinary tract infection, respiratory illnesses for the guinea pigs. Moreover, guinea pigs will feel uncomfortable if they have a lie and stand on a floor that is drenched by their own urine. Therefore, choosing an absorbent and low in dust bedding for guinea pigs is important. The advantage of Crittercare is that it can expand to twice its original size in the package and absorbs up to 3 times the liquids than its weight. Due to that, the bed will remain dry, damp free, and always keep your pets warm. However, this bedding can become sticky if it absorbs too much urine. One more excellent feature of this bedding is the dust-free nature; this will ensure there is no respiratory problem when using this bedding. If you are looking for the bedding that maximum absorbency then you should look over Vitakraft bedding. It is also can absorb liquid up to 3 times its weight. Not only this, and it comes in a 99,5% dust-free feature, you will need to concern about allergies or respiratory problems.

What Are The Common Types Of Filter For Fish Tank?

In order to take care of fish and ensure them live a healthy happy life, you have to feed them and clean up the mess that they left behind include their waste, leftover food, algae and dirt built up in the fish tank. But you cannot completely clean the tank without a best filter for fish tank. Choosing the right fish tank filter can be difficult if you do not understand anything about the different types of them, what are the features of each type, their advantages and disadvantages. So in this post, you will learn all you need to know about types of best fish tank filters that most common and available on the market:

Canister filters

The canister filter provides on all fronts of functions: mechanical, chemical and biological. Canister filter is kept at the outside of the tank make it easier when cleaning but there is also a problem if you do not have space outside since Canister filter is much larger than other filters. This type of filter is one of the most effective and powerful devices in comparison with the other types. However, great power and flexibility also come with lots of complications when install and maintain. It is also quite expensive.

Hang on back filter (HOB)

This type of filer is very common due to its reasonable price. As the name suggests, HOB filter usually hangs on the back of the tank. They are external but less bulky than Canister filters so it does not tank you much space to set up. It also does not tank the space inside where your fish live. There is the down point that this HOB filter might be the poor chemical filtration and less efficient than other devices.

Sponge filter

This type of filter is mechanical and biological filter. Air pumps or power heads can power it. Sponge filter very effective will the small tank. It does not produce strong current and safe for your fish. But the drawback is that you have to replace or clean the sponge to remove the bacteria. It is not difficult tank to clean but you need to do this work regularly.

Wet/dry filter

It is known as the best biological filtration. If you are keeping a large tank or a saltwater fish tank, this filter is absolutely suitable for your tank. It increases the amount of beneficial bacteria and effective to waste treatment.  But it is not easy to install and take more cost to setup this filter

How To Properly Use Reptile Tank Heater?

For all reptiles, the appropriate temperature in the enclosure is one of the most essential requirements. Reptiles need the temperature to improve their internal body process and maintain a healthy immune system. The temperature in the tank should not be too hot as to overheat the reptiles. And also it should not be too cool so your reptiles won’t get enough amount of heat. Even though you got the perfect reptile tank heater, you also need to figure out how to properly use it.

Tips for using reptile tank heater

The best reptile heat mat should combine with some devices such as heat lamp or basking lamp to give the idea environment to your pưt. Placing the heating lamps at the end of the warmer side in your tank. Also placing lighting on this side to attract your reptiles to the warmer side by the white light. Therefore, your reptiles will tend to spend their time basking under the heater and UVB light. Providing a basking spot for your pets to allow them to lay on it and their entire body can be received heat. Give them a surface for basking, this surface should be large enough to contain all the reptile’s body and do not have any sharp corners that can damage your pets. Produce some sheltered places for them to hide away from the light when they get hot or stress. Using 2 thermometers in two opposite sides of the tank to ensure both the warmest spot and the cool spot is in the proper and optimum temperatures. It is better to get 2 types of heater: a daytime heater and night time heater. Depend on the seasons of the year; regulate the turning time of each heater. This will mimic the natural day and night cycle for your reptiles and help the to maintain their circadian rhythms. You should replace your heat lamps every 6 to 12 months depending on the types of lamps since after a few times of use, these lamps will be reduced the efficiency. Using the heat lamps with ceramic socket is always safer than the plastic ones since it cannot be melt even if the heat output is too hot.

Checklist new owners should know before going to a dog pet shop near me

If you are a new owner of a god, ensure that you know how to properly care for your pet. That meant you should learn about basic dog care and what your dog needs to be happy and healthy. Basically, every dog will need proper nutrition, a regular visit to the vet, health monitoring, some accessories, doing exercise, and affection. Before you bring your dog home you should give them: quality food for a dog, a bed or doghouse, toys, grooming supplies, etc. These things can easily find at any dog pet shop near me.

#1 Dog food

Researching about some dog food companies that are known as using high-quality ingredients and formulates foods that include nutrition and well balanced. Purchasing on high-quality food is necessary and you should not skimp on it. Besides, you can use the same brand of food with the breeder (where you get your dog) was feeding them for a few first weeks and slowly changing. This is will ensure that your dog’s stomach cannot be upset.

#2 Food ad water bowls/dishes

There are lots of types of food and water bowls for dogs available in dog shop near me. However, we recommend you to use the tip-proof, stainless steel materials bowls because they are the most durability and value.

#3 Collar and ID tag

Absolutely, you don’t want to lose your dog for any reason. The best way to prevent this happen is buying for your dog a fit well collar and an ID tag. In this tag, write your dog’s name, your address and phone number.

#4 Dog bed

Dog prefers o have a cozy warm place to snuggle up and take a rest. When buying a bed for your dog, ensure you choose the right size bed that can accommodate your dog’s size even when they grow. Some dogs will chew their bed so it is better to choose something with durable material.

#5 Dog toys

All puppies tend to active and they need mental stimulation. Toys also a best way for you to play and connect with your dog. Choosing the toys that suit your dog’s age. Spending your free time to play with your pet.

#6 Grooming supplies

You should have some basic grooming supplies at home such as shampoo, a comb, a brush, nail clippers. These things are essential products when you bathing your dog at home.

Different types of the best aquarium thermometers

Are you caring about the water temperature in your tank and want to equip a heater for your aquarium? It is good but not enough, nothing can ensure the accuracy of temperature than a thermometer. Especially if you are keeping a tropical fish or any marine fish that needs warm water. A cheap heater with an inaccuracy adjustment can kill your fish. Buying the best aquarium thermometer is very important to show you exactly the water temperature. This article will get you to know about the different types of thermometer.

#1 Stick-On Aquarium Thermometers

As the name suggests, the stick-on thermometers have a sticky back and stuck on the outside of the aquarium. By this place, reading the temperature on this device seems to be very easy. It is also the most popular thermometer with any fish-keeper. There is the down point is that the temperature that they read sometimes be influenced by room temperature. Do not place them by the side of the heater, direct sunlight, fireplace.

#2 Floating glass thermometer

With this type of thermometers, you have to submerge them fully below the water. Since they float in the tank, it may get hard for you to read the temperature. To solve this problem, some manufacturers design them with a wide variety of colors, so you will more easy to know when the temperature runs out of the safety zone. This device made of glass, so it is considerably more fragile than the other types of thermometer. This also leads to the possibility of booking the thermometer and may be harmful to your fish.

 #3 Digital Aquarium Thermometer

The last type of thermometer I would like to share with you is a digital thermometer. This is the most expensive thermometer at all but also the most accurate thermometer as well. It is totally not influenced by the temperature surrounding. The digital aquarium thermometers are considered as the best aquarium thermometers. There are two kinds of digital aquarium thermometer: Wireless connected and a thermometer with a suction.